The National Institutes of Health is the nation’s medical research agency and the leading supporter of biomedical research in the world. NIH’smission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and apply that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. Due in large measure to NIH research, a person born in the United States today can expect to live nearly 30 years longer than someone born in 1900.
More than 80 percent of the NIH's budget goes to over 300,000 research personnel at more than 2,500 universities and research institutions throughout the United States. In addition, about 6,000 scientists work in NIH’s own Intramural Research laboratories, most of which are on the NIH main campus in Bethesda, Md. The main campus is also home to the NIH Clinical Center, the largest hospital in the world totally dedicated to clinical research.
On March 1, 2013, as required by statute, President Obama signed an order initiating sequestration. The sequestration requires NIH to cut 5 percent or $1.55 billion of its fiscal year (FY) 2013 budget. NIH must apply the cut evenly across all programs, projects, and activities (PPAs), which are primarily NIH institutes and centers. This means every area of medical research will be affected.
NIH FY2013 operating plans:
The estimated numbers:
(FY 2013 figures compared to FY 2012)
While much of these decreases are due to sequester, NIH funding is always a dynamic situation with multiple drivers:
- Approximately 700 fewer competitive research project grants issued
- Approximately750 fewer new patients admitted to the NIH Clinical Center
- No increase in stipends for National Research Service Award recipients in FY2013